Chrysanthemum: Meaning And Symbolism
Chrysanthemums are known as the ‘Queen Of Fall Flowers’ in the United States. These late-season bloomers put on a colorful floral display in the fall after all the other plants have ceased bloom production.
These hardy flowers thrive in the cooler fall weather and show off their fall colors at the same time the tree foliage is changing colors. Blooms come in various shades of purple, red, white, and yellow.
The plant leaves have serrated edges and add architectural interest to the flower garden from spring until the first fall frost. Chrysanthemum leaves are edible and have medicinal uses too.
This fall flower has different meanings for different cultures. Down through the centuries and across the culture, one common meaning the flowers hold is that they signify hope and joy. The plant, even though winter is near, will still produce colorful blooms that make us smile.
* In the United States, chrysanthemums symbolize friendship, happiness, and well-being. They are the flower of choice for fall decor and autumn gardens.
* In Australia, chrysanthemums are the official flower for Mother’s Day due to their nickname “mums.”
* In Great Britain, the flower is a symbol of happiness and longevity.
* During the Victorian era, chrysanthemums were given to show friendship and well-wishing.
* The Chinese tradition is to give the flower to the elderly as a symbol of long life and good luck.
* In Belgium and Austria, the chrysanthemum is used as a memorial flower to honor loved ones and is the flower of choice for placing on graves.
* In Japan, people noted that the flower’s petals opened in perfect order and the plant has been associated with perfection in the Japanese culture. There is a National Chrysanthemum Day held in Japan yearly to celebrate their love for the flower.
* The chrysanthemum is the official flower of the cities Beijing and Kaifeng.
* Chrysanthemums are the official birth flower for November.
Symbolism Of Flower Colors
While the chrysanthemum plant generally symbolizes longevity, fidelity, joy, hope, and optimism, each bloom color symbolizes something different. Each bloom contains a multitude of tiny flowers. The middle of the flower is made up of disc florets and the petals are ray florets. Like for meaning and symbolism for purple, red, orange, and yellow flowers, Chrysanthemums too have specific meanings according to their color. In particular:
* Purple blooms symbolize thoughtfulness and care.
* Red chrysanthemums symbolize love and passion.
* White chrysanthemums are reserved for mourning and grief in Japan and Europe. However, in other countries, white blooms symbolize innocence, purity, honesty, and loyalty.
* Yellow chrysanthemums symbolize happiness, joy, and celebration.
* Green chrysanthemums symbolize rebirth, good health, and longevity.
* Orange chrysanthemums symbolize excitement and happiness.
* Pink flowers symbolize friendship and affection.